Technical words and sentences about fabric:
Yarn: Producing from melt raw material liquid, banded from many stands to a specific thin thread
like for weaving application.
Woven fabric: Processing on the looms, yarns are warp and weft cross weaved. The type of warp
and weft determine the weave pattern.
Warp: It generally stands for width of textiles. The set of yarns that runs lengthwise and parallel to
the selvage, and is interwoven with the weft. The sheet of yarns wound together on a beam for the
purpose of weaving or warp knitting.
Weft(Fill): It is vertical direction of warp. The yarn running at right angles to the warp. Each
crosswise length is called a pick. In the weaving process, the filling yarn is carried by the shuttle,
rapier, or some other type of yarn carrier.
Weave Pattern: The system or pattern of intersecting warp and filling yarns. The three most
common are: plain, twill and satin,check.
Threads(Yarn) Count: The number of yarns organized together in warp or weft direction. In most
case counts in 10mm or 25.4mm.
Thickness: The fabric’s thickness
Ply: The number of single yarns twisted together to form a plied yarn, or the number of plied yarns
twisted together to form cord or thread, rope.
Finish: In composite and industrial applications, a finish or sizing promotes adhesion between fiber glass and a matrix resin or coating.
Sizing compounds are applied to warp yarn to bind the fiber together and stiffen the yarn to provide abrasion resistance.
Coating: A process impregnated base fabric into resin or rubbers, then cured to a coated fabric to meet specific requirement.
Beaming(warpping): The operation of winding yarns onto a beam, usually in preparation for
slashing, weaving or warp knitting. Also called warping.
Tensile Strength: The max ability of a material to resist rupture by tensile force.
Filament: Strand in yarn. Yarn that consists of one strand is called monofilament. Most textile
filament yarns are multifilament, meaning there are many continuous filaments or strands.
Tear Strength: The force required to begin or continue a tear in a fabric, under specified conditions.Scrim: A lightweight, open weave, coarse fabric.
Weight Ratio: The ratio of warp to fill. This number is expressed as a percentage in the product
Plain: The plain weave consists of yarns interlaced in an alternating fashion one over and one
under another yarn. It makes the fabric good stability and least flexible. Excellent for laminates.
Twill: Twill is one warp yarn floating over at least two weft yarns. It is more flexible than plain and
also has better drapability when maintaining more fabric stability than satin. Often used in tooling
and cosmetic application.
Leno: Warp yarns are twisted around one another, locking the filling yarns in place.
Unidirectional: A concentration of stronger yarns providing maximum strength in one direction.
Typically used in infrastructure applications.